Whenever a player is injured, be certain to inform the parents or guardians of the injury, even if it seems minor and the athlete is able to continue with the practice or game.
Place an effective barrier between you and the victim’s blood when you give first aid. Examples of such barriers are: the victim’s hand, a piece of plastic, clean folded cloth, rubber or latex gloves.
Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water immediately after providing care.
Player’s skin will appear pale and clammy, perspiration is profuse, may experience nausea, weakness, dizziness, headache, cramps.
An injury to an ankle can take the form of a sprain or a break and may have different degrees of severity. Sprains are stretched or torn tendons, ligaments, and blood vessels around joints.
Always assume the injury could be severe.
Immobilise the player (avoid any movement that causes pain).
Begin the ICE routine (Ice, Compression, Elevation - elevation helps slow the flow of blood, thus reducing swelling).
Ask the player to see a physician before returning to practice.
The knee is the most complicated joint in the body, as well as the joint most frequently injured.
It requires a specialist to treat knee injuries properly. Your job is to limit further injury and to get the player to hospital.
Help the player off the field.
Apply ice to the injured area.
Elevate the leg without moving the knee, if possible
Take the player to the hospital immediately
Dislocations and broken bones (fractures) are treated similarly. A dislocation is a displacement of a bone end from the joint. Dislocated joints will have pain, swelling, irregularity, or deformity over the injured area.
Leave dislocated joint in the position found.
Immobilize joint in the exact position it was in at the time of injury.
Apply ice and elevate to minimize swelling.
Have the player see a doctor immediately.
Blisters typically appear as a raised bubble of skin with fluid beneath; the fluid may be clear or bloody. The blister may be torn with new skin exposed. Generally painful.
Apply ice to the area.
Place doughnut shaped plaster over the outside edges of the blister and tape to prevent further friction.
If the blister is torn, cover with a protective dressing.
Properly fitting shoes and socks are essential.
Wear two pairs of socks if friction is extremely bad.
Minor cuts, scratches and grazes
Remember: Protect yourself from infection by wearing disposable gloves and covering any wounds on your hands.
If blood comes through the dressing DO NOT remove it – bandage another over the original.
If blood seeps through BOTH dressings, remove them both and replace with a fresh dressing, applying pressure over the site of bleeding.
Objects in wounds
Where possible, swab or wash small objects out of the wound with clean water. If there is a large object embedded:
A bloody nose is a common occurrence following a blow to the face, or in association with high blood pressure, infection, strenuous activity or dry nasal passages. Although usually more annoying than serious, any bloody nose resulting from an injury to the face should be considered as a potential fracture. If you suspect a head, neck, or back injury, do not try to control a nosebleed; instead, keep the player from moving and stabilize the head and neck.
Place the player in a sitting position leaning slightly forward.
Apply direct pressure by having the player pinch the nostrils with the fingers.
Take the athlete to the doctor if bleeding persists.
These injuries can be the most devastating of all injuries. Permanent paralysis may result from any neck injury, so these injuries must be handled with extreme care.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS:
Unconsciousness (immediate or delayed).
Tingling sensation or numbness in arms and/or legs.
Inability to move fingers, toes, or extremities.
Athlete not alert.
Make sure the athlete is able to breathe.
Call for paramedic or other help immediately.
Keep the player still (stabilise head and neck as you found them).
Maintain body temperature.
Call parents or guardian immediately.
Pass all important information on to doctors.