who are short on time:
For coaches of
kids aged 5-8:
For coaches of
kids aged 9-11:
For coaches of
kids aged 12-15:
For coaches of
who need warm-ups:
indoor youth soccer coaching: teaching the
By Klaus Pabst, German Staff
Everyone agrees that perfect
technique is essential for an attractive and successful game, and
age-appropriate basic training is essential for learning technical
skills. To learn basic techniques, players need to practice them
again and again over a long period of time, ultimately using them in
exercises with opposition pressure.
In winter, the gym can be an ideal
place to practice technique. The limited space, even floor surface
and opportunity to use the walls all speed up the game and make it
more technically demanding. And you don't have to worry about
inclement weather conditions (wind, cold, soft and mushy ground),
which makes technique training even easier.
This is Part 1 in a 2 part series.
Part 1 will summarize major concepts and attributes for each of the
basic soccer techniques. This information can help coaches make
corrections. We will also tell you the best way to use indoor
training equipment for each exercise, and we also give some basic
advice on organizing an efficient practice session.
Part 2 will
present sample exercises designed especially for indoor training,
for each basic technique. These sample exercises are intended
primarily as suggestions: As a coach, you have to evaluate your
players' abilities and decide which exercises are appropriate for
them. Of course, by making small changes to the rules, adding extra
rules or changing the setup, you can make any exercise harder or
easier. We've also included some tips to help you organize these
exercises and use them in your own training program.
Indoor training can be an excellent
opportunity for players, especially the very young, to work on
coordination and effectively improve their technical skills. Indoor
training equipment can open up a whole new world of possibilities
for the inventive youth coach!
|Dribbling & Faking
- Take your eyes off the
football and look at the ground about three yards ahead of
- Keep the ball close!
Touch it with the active foot often, preferably with
every step you take.
- Keep your body between
the football and your opponent, so you can protect it.
Always dribble with the foot farther away from your
- Use fakes
- Use lines on the gym
floor as dribbling paths, with different colours for
different dribbling styles (e.g. step-overs on the blue
lines and shooting fakes on red).
- Use boxes, medicine
balls, etc. as dribbling obstacles.
- Set up interesting
dribbling par courses using various items.
|Passing & Shooting
- Make sure your foot
makes solid contact with the ball.
- Depending on the type
of kick, either stretch your foot (point toes at the
ground) or flex it (pull them up toward your shin).
- After your foot
strikes the football, follow through with the whole leg.
- On shots, take careful
aim at an open corner of the goal.
- Always move to meet a
- Use walls and long
benches as "passing stations."
- Use soft mats, boxes,
and long benches as "goals" for shooting practice.
- Use soft mats to teach
players spectacular shooting techniques (bicycle kick,
hip-turn side volley, etc.).
- Use boxes as targets
for shooting competitions.
- Move to meet the ball
and let your foot "give" a little as it makes contact.
- For passes on the
ground, raise your foot slightly so the ball can't roll
- Always control the
ball in a free space away from opponents.
- On passes in the air,
don't let the ball bounce: It wastes time and increases
your risk of losing the ball.
- Use long benches as
passing stations and "walls" for wall passes to help
players learn to control balls on the ground.
- Incorporate the wall
as a passing station and allow players to throw or kick
high balls against the wall, to help them learn to
control balls in the air as well.
- Pull your chin in to
your chest and tense your neck muscles.
- Keep your eyes open as
long as possible and watch the incoming ball (follow it
with your eyes).
- Bend back from the
waist; this provides the "wind-up" you need to hit the
- Meet the ball at the
top of your jump.
- Take a long running
- Have players practice
heading on the hard and soft mats (improves motivation).
- Use mats etc. as
targets for heading competitions. To make this exercise
even more effective, divide players into smaller groups.
- Set up a "basket
shooting" (heading) competition on the basketball
- Use the gym equipment
to build a heading course with various stations.
how to kick a
indoor soccer technique training (part 2)
indoor soccer technique training (part 3)